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Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

38

The Golden Book of Biology

A Charley Harper Retrospective, part IV

Around 1960 Charley began a major commission for Western Publishing – Gerald Ames and Rose Wyler’s the Giant Golden Book of Biology.1

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

The book, published in 1961 at the dawn of the New Frontier, was a roughly middle-school level introduction to biology. The 99-page text included hundreds of individual gouache paintings and was by far Charley’s largest commission to date. In addition to his signature nature scenes, Charley illustrated anatomy, cell biology, ecology, evolution, genetics, histology, the history of science, microbiology, physiology, even astrophysics. Here is the TOC to give you an idea:

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Any illustration in the book is worth showing here – even the most diagrammatic and scientific ones. Here is a small and somewhat representative sample:

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Ecosystems: woodland forest (top), prairie soil, desert at night (bottom)

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Anatomy and Physiology

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Harper and the Sea

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Antoine Lavoisier

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Gregor Mendel

In their review of the first edition, the Center for Children's books stated:

“An oversize book, profusely and handsomely illustrated. Some of the drawings, because of a stylized technique, are impressionistic rather than realistic, but none of the illustrations give erroneous impressions. Because so much material is covered, no topic is explored deeply...The book gives, however, a broad and accurate review of biological knowledge for one unacquainted with the field.” 2

Indeed, Charley admitted that he had to learn the subject while he was doing the illustrations, after all, he was an artist, not a scientist. The book, however, is now regarded as a masterpiece – the quintessential mid-century children’s science text. It is widely seen as his magnum illustratus and has been influential with two generations of illustrators and designers. Todd Oldham described it as “...one of my favorite things I’ve ever had in my life,” and the illustrator Jacob Weinstein as “the world’s most attractive textbook.”

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Oxygen requirement vs. weight. Perhaps the best semi-log table ever.

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Detail, Battle of the Tyrant Kings

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Evolution. Another masterful Harper mosaic

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Detail, Evolution paste-up. Chris Glass

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

“Gases from volcanoes probably formed the Earth’s first atmosphere”

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

A Charley Harper Retrospective

Part I – Charley and Edie
Part II – The Birds
Part III – Tin Lizzie and Dinner for Two
Part IV – The Golden Book of Biology
Part V – Bambi and Childcraft
Part VI – The Animal Kingdom
Part VII – Frame House

1. Ames, Gerald and Wyler, Rose. The Giant Golden Book of Biology: An Introduction to the Science of Life. New York: Golden Press, 1961 (3.95 USD trade, 3.99 USD library binding). A revised edition was published in 1967 and a second edition in 1968.

The book was also published in a number of European countries, e.g: Biologie: Das Leben, seine Entstehung, Entwicklung und Funktion. Zurich: Delphin Verlag, 1961; Les Merveilles De La Vie. Paris: Editions Des Deux Coqs D’or, 1962; Biology – A Colourful Introduction to the Wonder of Life. Feltham, Middlesex: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd, 1968; or En Gyllene Bok om Biologi. Stockholm: Folket i Bilds Forlag, 1968. Note that every version included all of Harper’s illustrations.

Golden Book of Biology, click for larger image

Second edition cover, 1968

2. From the Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books. 1962 Feb 15(6): 1. (online pdf).

Unless otherwise noted all images are copyright © 2013 Estate of Charley Harper and are used here by permission.

10 Sep 2009, updated 2 Jan 2013 ‧ Illustration